The medicines called antibiotics are among the most commonly used, recommended and prescribed medications. They act in the human body and on its surface to kill bacteria causing the bacterial infection or stop the growth and development of pathogenic bacteria. Antibiotics kill not only pathogenic bacteria but other types of bacteria which can cause bacterial imbalance and negative effects for microflora.
Nowadays scientists discovered and created more than 100 different antibiotics. They are used to treat minor, moderate and severe infectious diseases. Antibiotics save lives of millions of people who experience bacterial life-threatening infections.
The misuse of antibiotics or their too frequent use can cause different health consequences and development of bacterial resistance. It is essential to understand that antibiotics treat only infections and diseases caused by bacterial infections. They should not be used in any case when a person feels unwell. For instance, antibiotics are useless and can do harm if a person takes them to treat fungal infections or common cold.
The best way to determine if an antibiotic is right for health condition a person suffers from is to visit a doctor.
All antibiotics can be divided into types or main classes including:
- Cephalosporins such like Suprax
- Fluoroquinolones such as ciprofolxacin
Antibiotic Suprax has 2 names, the trade name, created by the drug company that manufactures it and generic name cephalexin.
Each antibiotic is effective for certain types of bacterial infections. The use of certain antibiotics is not recommended for people with allergies. So, it is better to visit a doctor to have the right antibiotic treatment and avoid many health complications.
The choice of antibiotic is usually based on the cause of the infection, it severity risk of allergic reaction, response of a person to this treatment. The age of a patient and such health states as pregnancy or breast-feeding are taking into consideration as very important factors for choosing the type of antibiotic and its dosage.
Other factors can be cost, dosing schedule, and common side effects of antibiotic therapy.
Antibiotics can cause various side effects. Some of the most common side effects are: diarrhea, stomach upset, abdominal pain. Other side effects of antibiotics are allergic reactions which are common in people more sensitive to the medicines, children. In women the side effects can be vaginal itching, discharge, development of fungi infections.
The most common side effect of antibiotics, diarrhea can occur on every stage of treatment: from the very beginning to the period after the treatment. Diarrhea is often met in people who cannot tolerate the adjusted dose of the medicine. It can be accompanied by skin rash, itching, abdominal pain, loss of appetite and some other side effects.
In case a patient suffers from the side effects associated or explained by antibiotic use, he or she should consult a doctor for advice. For some people the change of dose can help, other may be recommended to change the type of antibiotic. If severe side effects occur, a person should stop taking antibiotic right away. Side effects caused by medications should never be neglected.